Alor’s landscape comes from a long volcanic history that makes for very rugged terrain covered in tropical forests and rich soil. The chain of 3 extinct volcano islands formed from the same ancient hot-spot running through the Alor/Pantar Strait allows one to view a piece of Alor’s geological history.
This volcanic base along with the rich oceanic currents passing between Alor and Pantar has made for a unique nursery for marine life including rare fish and invertebrate species, a strikingly colorful and dense coverage of hard and soft corals, a diverse assortment of sponges and more.
Unlike many other areas in this part of Asia, Alor’s marine history is free of destructive fishing practices such as dynamite and cyanide fishing. This has helped to preserve the abundant and spectacular coral reefs we can still see today in the Pantar Strait.
In Alor’s Kalabahi Bay, the sloping black volcanic ash and rubble bottom combined with cross currents create an ideal muck diving environment. These conditions force animals to make adaptations to the harsh environment, which is why in addition to the rich life seen on the coral reefs Alor has so many special and unusual critters.
The climate in Alor is tropical with two major seasons. The dry season runs roughly from April-November and the wet season from December-March. Local air temperatures average between 25-32C and water temperatures can vary greatly between 22-29C.